How Do You Manage Open Fractures?

How do you splint an open fracture?

After assessing motor function and alignment, place a long board under or along the side of the affected leg.

Immobilize above and below the fracture, and secure the foot in the position of function.

Vacuum splints-When using vacuum splints, place the injured extremity inside the splint..

What is a complication of an open fracture?

Open fractures (Gustilo I-III)1 continues to be a common injury with a high risk of complications such as wound infection and problems with healing of bone and soft tissues. The basic objectives in the management of open fractures are to prevent infection, reconstruct soft tissue defects and achieve bony union.

How do you stabilize a fracture?

Cast immobilization, or special bracing can be used to stabilize the fracture. This is a common type of fracture treatment because most broken bones can heal successfully if they are realigned properly with the help of a cast or brace used to stabilize the bone.

Does a wound heal better covered or uncovered?

A handful of studies have found that when wounds are kept moist and covered, blood vessels regenerate faster and the number of cells that cause inflammation drop more rapidly than they do in wounds allowed to air out. It is best to keep a wound moist and covered for at least five days.

What is the best ointment for open wounds?

A first aid antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin, Neosporin, Polysporin) can be applied to help prevent infection and keep the wound moist. Continued care of the wound is also important. Three times a day, wash the area gently with soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment, and re-cover with a bandage.

What is the first aid treatment for an open fracture?

Take these actions immediately while waiting for medical help:Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.Immobilize the injured area. … Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain. … Treat for shock.

How long does it take to heal an open fracture?

It can take 3 to 6 weeks for a mild fracture to heal. It may take many months for a severe fracture of a long bone to heal. Exercises to help with muscle strength and range of motion will be needed.

How can I speed up healing?

How to speed up the wound healing processGet your rest. Recent research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology suggested that getting more sleep can help wounds heal faster. … Eat your vegetables. … Stay active. … Don’t smoke. … Keep the wound clean and dressed.

Why do you immobilize a fracture?

Splints, casts, and braces support and protect broken bones, dislocated joints, and injured soft tissues such as tendons and ligaments. Immobilization restricts motion to allow the injured area to heal. It can help reduce pain , swelling, and muscle spasms .

What bone takes the longest to heal?

The long, straight part of the femur is called the femoral shaft. When there is a break anywhere along this length of bone, it is called a femoral shaft fracture. This type of broken leg almost always requires surgery to heal.

What describes an open fracture?

An open fracture is an injury where the fractured bone and/or fracture hematoma are exposed to the external environment via a traumatic violation of the soft tissue and skin. The skin wound may lie at a site distant to the fracture and not directly over it.

How painful is a compound fracture?

A compound fracture, or open fracture, breaks the bone, and then the broken pieces of bone pierce the skin. Compound fractures are more serious than simple fractures. They can be more painful, require additional treatments, and take longer to heal.

What are the stages of fracture healing?

There are three stages of bone healing: the inflammatory, reparative, and remodeling stages.The Inflammatory Stage. When a bone breaks, the body sends out signals for special cells to come to the injured area. … The Reparative Stage. The reparative stage starts within about a week of the injury. … The Remodeling Stage.

Why do fractures hurt more at night?

Bone stress injuries occur because of an unfamiliar increase in physical activity and is related to overuse, under recovery and several considerations that result in the bone not being able to keep up with the required adaptations. A fracture can result and this will cause pain at night time.

What are the complications of fracture?

Late complications of fracturesDelayed union (fracture takes longer than normal to heal).Malunion (fracture does not heal in normal alignment).Non-union (fracture does not heal).Joint stiffness.Contractures.Myositis ossificans.Avascular necrosis.Algodystrophy (or Sudeck’s atrophy).More items…•

How can you speed up the healing of a fracture?

Home remedies to speed up repairTake protein supplements. As a large part of a bone is composed of protein, taking protein supplements can help the bone to rebuild and heal itself. … Take antioxidants. … Take mineral supplements. … Take vitamin supplements. … Take herbal supplements. … Exercise. … Avoid smoking.

What causes slow healing?

If you have poor circulation, the blood will move to the wound site more slowly, delaying the healing process. You may have poor circulation due to diabetes, obesity, blood clots, arterial build-up or some other underlying condition.

Why are open fractures a serious medical condition?

Open fractures require urgent surgery to clean the area of the injury. Because of the break in the skin, debris and infection can travel to the fracture location, and lead to a high rate of infection in the bone.