Quick Answer: How Do You Use Mid Ocean Ridge In A Sentence?

Are mid ocean ridges volcanoes?

The mid-ocean ridge is a continuous range of undersea volcanic mountains that encircles the globe almost entirely underwater.

It formed and evolves as a result of spreading in Earth’s lithosphere—the crust and upper mantle—at the divergent boundaries between tectonic plates.

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What features occur at mid ocean ridges?

Mid-ocean ridges occur along divergent plate boundaries, where new ocean floor is created as the Earth’s tectonic plates spread apart. As the plates separate, molten rock rises to the seafloor, producing enormous volcanic eruptions of basalt.

How do you use ridge in a sentence?

(1) The fawn ran to the top of the ridge. (2) We made our way carefully along the ridge. (3) We finally reached the crest of the ridge. (4) We stood on the windswept ridge and looked down at the valley below.

What is another name for a mid ocean ridge?

A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is a seafloor mountain system formed by plate tectonics. … Most oceanic spreading centers are not in the middle of their hosting ocean basis but regardless, are traditionally called mid-ocean ridges.

Where are the major mid ocean ridges located?

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge extends from south of Iceland to the extreme South Atlantic Ocean near 60° S latitude. It bisects the Atlantic Ocean basin, which led to the earlier designation of mid-ocean ridge for features of this type.

What is a famous mid ocean ridge?

Famous Mid-Ocean Ridges and Facts About 140 million years ago, South America began to separate from Africa, a ridge forming between them. … The Pacific-Antarctic Ridge continues southwest and west under the South Pacific Ocean to a point south of New Zealand, separating the Antarctic and Pacific Plates.

Which mid ocean ridge is spreading the slowest?

The Ridge is named after him, and the name was recognized in April 1987 by SCUFN (under that body’s old name, the Sub-Committee on Geographical Names and Nomenclature of Ocean Bottom Features). The ridge is the slowest known spreading ridge on earth, with a rate of less than one centimeter per year.

What is an example of a mid ocean ridge?

Mid-ocean ridges form where two tectonic plates are pulling apart, also called seafloor spreading. … The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is spreading one to two inches a year, along with the East Pacific Rise, which is spreading two to six inches a year, are two examples of very long mid-ocean ridges.

What is the meaning of Mid Ocean Ridge?

mid-ocean ridge. [ mĭd′ō′shən ] A long mountain range on the ocean floor, extending almost continuously through the North and South Atlantic Oceans, the Indian Ocean, and the South Pacific Ocean. A deep rift valley is located at its center, from which magma flows and forms new oceanic crust.

What is another word for Ridge?

In this page you can discover 70 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for ridge, like: rib, ridged, bank, backbone, terminal moraine, medial moraine, esker, kame, arête, corrugated and grooved.

What types of volcanoes form at mid ocean ridges?

Tectonic SettingTypical ype(s) of volcanoesDivergent plate boundarymid-ocean ridge; fissures and vents; shield volcanoesIntracontinental exensionvaried: fissures and vents, flood eruptions, cinder cones, stratovolcanoes, caldera complexesConvergent plate boundarystratovolcanoesHot spots2 more rows

Why are rocks next to the Mid Ocean Ridge younger than those farther away from the ridges?

How did scientists discover that rocks farther away from the mid-ocean ridge were older that those near the ridge? Oceanic crust near the mid-ocean ridge is younger than the crust farther from the ridge. … The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.

How old is the Mid Atlantic Ridge?

Fission-track dating of basaltic glass from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge gives results which are consistent with the proposal of ocean-floor spreading. Solidification ages from ~10,000 years to ~300,000 years were measured.

How were mid ocean ridges discovered?

It is now called the Mid-Ocean Ridge. In 1953, American physicists Maurice Ewing (1906-1974) and Bruce Heezen (1924-1977) discovered that through this underwater mountain range ran a deep canyon. … Harry Hess was inspired by the findings to look back at soundings he’d made during the war on a U.S. submarine.

What is the meaning of Ridge?

noun. a long, narrow elevation of land; a chain of hills or mountains. the long and narrow upper edge, angle, or crest of something, as a hill, wave, or vault. the back of an animal.

What is the same meaning of Ridge?

ridge(noun) any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane. Synonyms: ridgeline, rooftree, ridgepole. ridge, ridgepole, rooftree(verb)

Why are mid ocean ridges important?

Mid-ocean ridges are geologically important because they occur along the kind of plate boundary where new ocean floor is created as the plates spread apart. Thus the mid-ocean ridge is also known as a “spreading center” or a “divergent plate boundary.” The plates spread apart at rates of 1 cm to 20 cm per year.

Why are earthquakes shallow at mid ocean ridges?

Earthquakes along divergent and transform plate margins are shallow (usually less than 30 km deep) because below those depths, rock is too hot and weak to avoid being permanently deformed by the stresses in those settings.