Quick Answer: What Parts Of The Body Does Osteogenesis Imperfecta Affect?

How many babies are born with osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI can sometimes be life-threatening if it occurs in babies either before or shortly after birth.

Approximately one person in 20,000 will develop brittle bone disease..

What organs are affected by brittle bone disease?

Risk Factors for Osteogenesis imperfecta (Brittle bone disease) OI is actually a connective tissue disorder, resulting from the defective synthesis of a protein called collagen, which is a structual component of bones, tendons, eyes, organs and skin. OI is genetically inherited.

What is the life expectancy of someone with brittle bone disease?

The prognosis for infants with the most severe form of osteogenesis imperfecta is poor, and most children may not live beyond a few weeks. The prognosis for those with milder forms of the condition who receive good medical management is much better, and many people may have average lifespans.

What is the disease where your bones break easily?

Also known as “brittle bone disease,” osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that causes weak bones that break easily in addition to other symptoms. There are several forms of OI, and although there is no cure, the symptoms of OI can be managed with a healthy lifestyle, medication, or surgery.

How does brittle bone disease affect you physically?

There is no cure for brittle bone disease, but treatment can relieve symptoms, prevent breakage of bones, and maximize movement. Severe forms of the disease can affect the shape of the rib cage and spine, which can lead to life-threatening breathing problems. Some people may need to be on oxygen.

What is OI type 3 severe?

Osteogenesis imperfecta type III is a severe type of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI; see this term), a genetic disorder characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass and susceptibility to bone fractures.

What is osteogenesis imperfecta caused by?

Osteogenesis imperfecta type I is caused by mutations in the COL1A1 gene or, less commonly, the COL1A2 gene. These genetic changes reduce the amount of type I collagen produced in the body, though the molecules that are produced are normal.

Is Oi a disability?

Most people with OI experience physical disability. OI also can cause weak muscles, brittle teeth, a curved spine, and hearing loss. Most forms of OI are caused by abnormal genes that are passed down from one or both parents to their children. There are currently 11 types of OI.

Where is osteogenesis imperfecta most common?

OI type II is estimated to occur in one in 60,000 live births. The overall prevalence of all types of OI is estimated at . 5 per 10,000 individuals in the United States. Approximately 20,000 to 50,000 individuals in the United States have OI.

How long does someone with osteogenesis imperfecta live?

Most children born with type I OI live normal, healthy lives into adulthood. Less severe symptoms do not affect life expectancy. Most OI-related deaths result from respiratory failure due to weak lungs. The most severe types will result in death at birth or soon after.

Does osteogenesis imperfecta affect the brain?

Cranial Manifestations Cranial complications of osteogenesis imperfecta include a wide range of abnormalities of the skull and brain parenchyma.

What body systems are affected by osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI is highly variable, and signs and symptoms range from mild to severe. In addition to broken bones, people with OI sometimes have muscle weakness or joint laxity (loose joints), and they often have skeletal malformations including short stature, scoliosis (curvature of the spine), and bowing of long bones.

Who is most affected by osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI occurs in approximately 1 in 20,000 individuals, including people diagnosed after birth. OI occurs with equal frequency among males and females and among racial and ethnic groups. Life expectancy varies depending on how severe the OI is, ranging from very brief (lethal form, OI type II) to average.

Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta painful?

Conclusions: Pain is a common occurrence for children with OI and is both acute and chronic in nature, interfering with children’s daily living activities. OI pain may not be optimally treated because many children experienced moderate to severe pain despite use of analgesics and/or coping strategies.

What is an OI baby?

Your child has been diagnosed with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). This is a rare condition that causes bones to be very thin and delicate so they break (fracture) easily. OI is sometimes called brittle bone disease. There are four types of OI that range from mild to severe.

What is the most painful bone to break?

Leg bones are usually some of the strongest in the body and it takes a big impact such as a serious fall or a car accident for them to break. A fracture that occurs lower down the femur is classed as a broken leg rather than hip and is one of the most painful breaks to experience.

What is wrong with Byron the Baxter boy?

When you listen to 3-year-old Byron Baxter laugh and talk, you’d never know anything was wrong with him. But he was born with a rare condition called osteogenesis imperfecta, or brittle bone disease.

What is osteogenesis imperfecta Type 4?

Disease definition. Osteogenesis imperfecta type IV is a moderate type of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI; see this term), a genetic disorder characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass and susceptibility to bone fractures.

How does osteogenesis imperfecta affect a person’s life?

Milder cases may involve only a few fractures over a person’s lifetime. Additional complications can involve hearing loss, heart failure, spine issues, and deformities. Osteogenesis imperfecta can sometimes be life-threatening if it occurs in babies either before or shortly after birth.

What is the hardest bone to heal?

Treatments ranging from casting to surgery can be required. Unfortunately, the scaphoid bone has a track record of being the slowest or one of hardest bones to heal.

Does brittle bone disease affect teeth?

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is always associated with bone fragility. In addition, OI may affect the growth of the jaws and may or may not affect the teeth. About half of the people who have OI have teeth that appear normal, and their major concerns are routine care.