What Are The 4 Main Anatomical Positions?

What are the different anatomical positions?

Anatomic PositionsAnterior: Front, or toward the front.Posterior: Back, or toward the back.Dorsal: Back, or toward the back (think of a whale’s dorsal fin)Ventral: Front, or toward the front (think of an air vent)Lateral: On the side, or toward the side.Medial/median: Middle, or toward the middle.More items….

What are the 10 directional terms?

Directional TermsSuperior and Inferior. Superior means above, inferior means below. … Anterior and Posterior. Anterior means toward the front (chest side) of the body, posterior means toward the back.Medial and Lateral. … Proximal and Distal. … Superficial and Deep.

What is the position?

English Language Learners Definition of position (Entry 1 of 2) : the place where someone or something is in relation to other people or things. : the place where someone or something should be. : the way someone stands, sits, or lies down.

What is the language of anatomy?

The language of anatomy is derived from Latin and Greek which were the languages of learning of the ancients of Western Civilization. Learning some of these terms will help you refer to specific regions of the body in the language of anatomists.

What is lying on your side called?

Supine: lying on the back on the ground with the face up. Prone: lying on the chest with the face down (“lying down” or “going prone”). … Lying on either side, with the body straight or bent/curled forward or backward.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

They are the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Only the reproductive system varies significantly between males and females.

What are the 4 body positions?

The four main anatomical positions are: supine, prone, right lateral recumbent, and left lateral recumbent. Each position is used in different medical circumstances.

What are the 5 regions of the body?

The human body is roughly apportionable into five big regions: head, neck, torso, upper extremity and lower extremity.

How do you describe body positions?

Directional TermsAnterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. … Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body. … Superior (or cranial) describes a position above or higher than another part of the body proper.More items…

How do you describe body language?

Examples of Body Language: Recognize Nonverbal CuesHead Tilted to One Side. A tilted head demonstrates that a person is listening keenly, or is interested in what is being communicated.Rubbing Hands Together Briskly. … Palms Open and Facing Upward. … Standing Straight With Shoulders Back. … Stroking Your Chin or Beard. … Leaning In. … Direct Eye Contact. … Head Nodding.More items…

What are the 3 body planes?

Anatomical Planes in a Human: There are three basic planes in zoological anatomy: sagittal, coronal, and transverse.

Is the wrist distal to the elbow?

Distal: farther away from a point of reference or attachment (ex: the elbow is distal to the shoulder or the wrist is distal to the elbow.

What are the five points of anatomical position?

In humans, standard anatomical position is with the body standing up straight and facing forward, with arms by the sides of the body and palms facing forward. The legs are straight, and the feet are slightly apart from one another and turned outward slightly.

What is high Fowler’s position?

In High Fowler’s position, the patient is usually seated (Fowler’s position) at the head end of the operating table. The upper half of the patient’s body is between 60 degrees and 90 degrees in relation to the lower half of their body. The legs of the patient may be straight or bent.

Which directional terms have the same meaning in humans?

Answer and Explanation: Anterior and ventral (answer choice “e”) have the same meanings in humans. They both mean towards or the front of the body. The anterior,…

What are the four characteristics of anatomical position?

Standard Anatomical Position in Humans In this position, a person is standing upright with the lower limbs together or slightly apart, feet flat on the floor and facing forward, upper limbs at the sides with the palms facing forward and thumbs pointing away from the body, and head and eyes directed straight ahead.

Why do we use the anatomical position?

The anatomical position is of importance in anatomy because it is the position of reference for anatomical nomenclature. Anatomic terms such as anterior and posterior, medial and lateral, abduction and adduction, and so on apply to the body when it is in the anatomical position.

What is the plane that divides the body from side to side?

Coronal PlanePlanes of the Body Coronal Plane (Frontal Plane) – A vertical plane running from side to side; divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions. Sagittal Plane (Lateral Plane) – A vertical plane running from front to back; divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sides.

Is the knee distal to the hip?

The knee is proximal to the foot. Moving distally from the hip brings you to the thigh.

What directional term is the heart to the lungs?

medialDirectional terms – examples of usageABsuperior (above)ex: the heart is superior to the diaphragminferior (below)ex: the liver is inferior to the diaphragmmedial (toward the median plane)ex: the heart is medial to the lungslateral (away from the median plane)ex: the eyes are lateral to the nose11 more rows

What is basic human anatomy?

Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Often, you may be more interested in functions of the body. Functions include digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction. Physiology is the study of the functions of the body. … In the laboratory, anatomy is studied by dissection (SECT = cut, DIS = apart).